Born in Scotland. Open Scholarship in Architecture, London University 1929. Slade Scholar, Slade School of Fine Art, London 1930. Exhibited paintings at the London Group, Royal Academy. Influenced by Cezanne 1934 - 36. Worked with Cobra Group 1948 - 49. Informal abstract painting 1949 - 53. Space constructions in colour. Joined Groupe Espace 1954. Collaborated on housing projects in Yorkshire 1954 - 56. Formal space construction in metal, using curved planes 1958 - 65. Lives in London and Paris.